Archive for the ‘Transforming Theology’ Category

“Authentic faith is no sedative for world-weary souls, no satchel full of ready answers to the deepest questions of life. Instead, faith in God revealed in Jesus Christ sets an inquiry in motion, fights the inclination to accept things as they are, and continually calls in question unexamined assumptions about God, our world, and ourselves. Consequently, Christian faith has nothing in common with indifference to the search for truth, or fear of it, or the arrogant claim to possess it fully. True faith must be distinguished from fideism. Fideism says there comes a point where we must stop asking questions and must simply believe; faith keeps on seeking and asking.” (Daniel L. Migliore, “Faith Seeking Understanding,” 3)


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인간의 자유를 인정하지 않는 하나님의 사랑은 진정한 사랑이 아니죠. 하나님의 전능을 이야기 했을 때 그것은 하나님이 우리 인간의 자유 내지는 자연 법칙에 상관 없이 무작위로 간섭하거나 침범하는 그런 전능이 아닌 우리의 자유와 자연 법칙을 존중하는 그런 사랑의 전능일 것입니다. 예가 될지 모르겠지만 “논쟁적 책읽기” 그룹에 들어가는 것은 물론 규칙이 있겠지만 그러나 그 누구도 자신의 의지와 상관 없이 가입이 되어 있다면 그것 또한 짜증이 날 것이고 또 반대로 의지가 있음에도 불구하고 들어오지 못한다면 그것 또한 짜증이 나는 일 아니겠습니까? 그렇다면 우리 인생에서 우리의 선택의 자유를 무시하는 하나님의 개입이 있다면 우리는 어떻게 받아들여야 할까요? 그 하나님이 과연 사랑의 하나님일까요?

“[L]ove, by its very nature, is freedom. For there to be love, there has to be the option, both now and then, to not love. To turn the other way. To reject the love extended. To say no. Although God is powerful and mighty, when it comes to the human heart God has to play by the same rules we do. God has to respect our freedom to choose to the very end, even at the risk of the relationship itself. If at any point God overrides, co-opts, or hijacks the human heart, robbing us of our freedom to choose, then God has violated the fundamental essence of what love even is.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 103-104).
“Love demands freedom. It always has, and it always will. We are free to resist, reject, and rebel against God’s ways for us. We can have all the hell we want.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 113).
“If we want isolation, despair, and the right to be our own god, God graciously grants us that option. If we insist on using our God-given power and strength to make the world in our own image, God allows us that freedom; we have the kind of license to that. If we want nothing to do with light, hope, love, grace, and peace, God respects that desire on our part, and we are given a life free from any of those realities. The more we want nothing to do with all God is, the more distance and space are created. If we want nothing to do with love, we are given a reality free from love.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 117)
“If we want hell, if we want heaven, they are ours. That’s how love works. It can’t be forced, manipulated, or coerced. It always leaves room for the other to decide. God says yes, we can have what we want, because love wins.”(Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 118-119).

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“Jesus tells a series of parables in Luke 15 about a woman who loses a coin, a shepherd who loses a sheep, and a father who loses a son. The stories aren’t ultimately about things and people being lost; the stories are about things and people being found. The God that Jesus teaches us about does’t give up until everything that was lost is found. This God simply doesn’t give up. Ever.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 101).

돈 잃어 버리고 기뻐하는 이 없을 것이고, 자기 양 잃어 버리고 기뻐 춤추는 목자 없을 것이고, 자식 잃어 버리고 사람들 불러 모아 잔치 베푸는 부모 없을 겁니다. 만약 이런 이들이 있다면 상담이 필요할 뿐만 아니라 부모 같은 경우는 경찰서로 가겠죠. 그렇다면 하나님이 잃어 버린 자들을 보고 기뻐하실까요? 우리가 하나님을 그런 무자비한 하나님으로 만들어선 아니될 것입니다. 그러기에 하나님이 포기 하지 않는 생명을 우리 인간이 포기하는 것은 어떤 의미에서 가장 큰 신성 모독일 수 있다는 생각이 드네요.

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Rob Bell, Hell

“We need a loaded, volatile, adequately violent, dramatic, serious word to describe the very real consequences we experience when we reject the good and true and beautiful life that God has for us. We need a word that refers to the big, wide, terrible evil that comes from the secrets hidden deep within our hearts all the way to the massive, society-wide collapse and chaos that comes when we fail to live in God’s world God’s way. And for that, the word ‘hell’ works quite well.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 93).

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“Often times when I meet atheists and we talk about the god they don’t believe in, we quickly discover that I don’t believe in that god either” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins, 9).

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Rob Bell (Heaven)

“Eternal life doesn’t start when we die; it starts now. It’s not about a life that begins at death; it’s about experiencing the kind of life now that can endure and survive even death.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 59).

“Jesus invites us, in this life, in this broken, beautiful world, to experience the life of heaven now. He insisted over and over that God’s peace, joy, and love are currently available to us, exactly as we are.” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 62).

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“Of all the billions of people who have ever lived, will only a select number ‘make it to a better place’ and every single other person suffer in torment and punishment forever? Is this acceptable to God? Has God created millions of people over tens of thougsands of years who are going to spend eternity in anguish? Can God do this, or even allow this, and still claim to be a loving God? Does God punish people for thousands of years with infinite, eternal torment for things they did in their few finite years of life?” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins,” 2)

“If there are only a select few who go to heaven, which is more terrifying to fathom: the billions who burn forever or the few who escape this fate? How does a person end up being one of the few? Chance? Luck? Random selection? Being born in the right place, family, or country? Having a youth pastor who ‘relates better to the kids’? God choosing you instead of others? What kind of faith is that? Or, more important: What kind of God is that?” (Rob Bell, “Love Wins, 2-3).

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